Trident Sales Agreement

The Zuckerman mission found the OPS useful and coming, but there was a big shock. The British were expected to contribute to the research and development costs of the A3, which dates back to 1 January 1963. These were to exceed $700 million by 1968. [35] Skybolt had been proposed to the United Kingdom at a unit cost, with the United States monitoring the costs of research and development,[20] but no such agreement had been reached in Nassau for Polaris. Thorneycroft was upset by the prospect of paying research and development costs, but McNamara said the U.S. Congress would not represent an agreement that would impose all the burdens on the United States. [36] Macmillan asked the United Kingdom`s Ambassador to the United States, Sir David Ormsby-Gore, to inform Kennedy that Britain was not prepared to commit to spread the costs of research and development indefinitely, but would pay an additional five per cent for each missile as a compromise. He asked Kennedy to be informed that a failure of the Nassau agreement would likely cause the downfall of his government. [37] Ormsby-Gore met Kennedy the same day, and while Kennedy noted that the five percent offer was not “the most generous offer he had ever heard of”.[38] McNamara, confident that the United States was scammed, calculated the five percent not only on the missiles, but also on their fire control and navigation systems, adding the bill of about $2 million.

On the advice of Ormsby-Gore, this formulation was accepted. [38] The Polaris Purchase Agreement provided a strong framework for missile negotiations and return systems. [51] The legal agreement took the form of an amendment to polaris` purchase contract through an exchange of notes between the two governments, so that “Polaris” now included in the original the purchase of Trident. Some changes have also been made to the classified annexes of the Polaris sales contract to eliminate the exclusion of penetrating aid. [53] Under the Polaris sales agreement, the United Kingdom paid a 5% tax on the costs of the equipment delivered, recognizing the research and development costs already incurred in the United States. For Trident, a payment of $116 million has been replaced. [54] The United Kingdom purchased the Trident system from the United States and set it up on its own submarines, which had only 16 rocket tubes as Polaris and not the 24 in the American class of Ohio. The first Vanguard-class submarine, HMS Vanguard, was commissioned in December 1994, at the end of the Cold War.

[55] In January 1979, Callaghan addressed President Jimmy Carter, who reacted positively but without commitment. [39] The Carter administration`s main priority was the SALT II agreement with the Soviet Union, which limited the stockpile of nuclear weapons.

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