Bonn Agreement Afghanistan

After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, the Bonn Agreement laid the foundation for state reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan supported by the United States and NATO. The agreement aimed to create a new constitution, an independent judiciary, free and fair elections, a centralized security sector and the protection of the rights of women, as well as minorities such as religious and ethnic groups. This model of state-building in Afghanistan was based on a “maximalist model of post-conflict reconstruction” that emerged in the 1990s as a result of international interventions in the Balkans, sub-Saharan Africa and East Timor. [4] When we reflect on these questions, we will probably know more about how some of the actors of the Bonn era, who are still important political actors today, than about how the political transition could actually unfold in 2014. Second, the negotiations in Bonn were kept on track (and did not in fact fail) due to strong international pressure to reach an agreement quickly and ensure the timely implementation of the Bonn Roadmap over the next three years. Although the 2014 presidential elections offer an ultimate deadline for all pre-election negotiations, their success is by no means assured. . . .

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